Public law basics

Library/Research Exercise

How the Civil Service is run is shown in the Act of Constitutional Reform Governance 2010. Why the service is important and significant is because it helps run the operation of the government in the UK. The service aids the government with implementing policies and creating services for the public. Ministers have a member of the civil service accountable to them and following that chain of command the Minister is consecutively accountable to the Parliament. Civil servants will participate in a fair and open competition and based on their Merits they will be selected and then obliged to work hard and remain dedicated. The servants will have to make an obligation to the service and to follow their standards of conduct. Their core values are as follows:

Honesty is being truthful. It involves being frank with the work produced and the facts that are found. When an issue has risen it must be corrected and resources should be used only for only legitimate beneficial purposes not for however, personal gain or even interest. When being honest it’s important to never mislead members of the Parliament or become subjective by pressures externally by acting dishonestly.

Objectively is carefully constructing information for guidance and making decisions based solely on thorough examination of evidence found. It involves providing information and also advice to ministers. It will be based on the evidence found and efficiently constructed with options and facts. It does not involve disregarding solid facts of evidence or withholding them for members of parliament.

Impartiality is the final core value taken from the service code. In order to do this a servant will act only according to the case merits and will treat all members of the government equally no matter what party they are from. This involves following and performing duties which is fair for everyone. personal political agendas must not be used to influence judgements. Servants must remain composed, unbiased and level headed.

These core values help guide an upright legal system and the ensure high quality results . The outcome of this leads to the members of the Service gaining respect from members of the Parliament and the citizens. The values are set in place to highlight and emphasise standard of conducted which is deemed reasonable and to be expected of from the general public and all servants


Library/Research Exercise


  1. D) The Parliamentary Standards Act 2009


This is an act of Parliament which shorty came into place after the exposure of the Parliamentary expenses scandal which caused outrage within the UK as it was made aware that members of the Parliament misused allowances and expenses for their own personal gain. This caused Britain to lose faith in their MPs and the confidence once had with politics was gone.


The Bill allows for self-governing Parliamentary Investigations. The purpose of the Authority is being accountable for creating a plan to maintain control of allowances and for allocating entitlements to and for the members. Another requirement is that the authority develops rules on Members’ financial interests, superseding the current register. A Commissioner is used in order to examine accusations of misuse of the allowances given and investigate breaches of the financial interest rules. There will be consequences for these actions which will be dealt with accordingly.


A Compliance Officer is put in place so that he/she can investigate complaints against MPs but on top of that also investigate objections by MPs against rejections of claims by the IPSA

The IPSA appoint an officer for a non-renewable five-year term. He/she has the duty to decide between MPs and IPSA about disputed claims.


The role of the IPSA entail; determining in what areas MPs’ costs will be compensated, deciding the correct level for the repayments, receiving and handling claims and in turn making payments; carrying out audit and assurance and, finally investigating if necessary.


The aim of this act was to build an independent and transparent system to restore public trust and confidence in the expense system. The Parliamentary Standards Act 2009 created a new criminal offence, with a maximum Imprisonment penalty up to 12 months. Provided false or even misleading information in regards to allowance claims is an offence. When this happens the power of the House of Commons can be stretched and reserve pay and allowances as a form of disciplinary sanction. This is set out in the PSA Act 2009 s5.

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During this task I relied on the internet as my primary source of finding information. I was able to stretch my research skills and managed to find the relevant information cutting out everything that was not necessary. The language I used throughout this task was to target for all legal audiences. I wanted to make my views precise and my ideas clear for all to understand.  I began my research and wrote down everything required on my notepad; I highlighted the important aspects of the information gathered and in turn typed them onto Word.  It was difficult deciding what I thought was relevant or not however I believe I included what was necessary. I am making good progress bettering my research skills and planning ability. I used my time effectively and managed to send this to Phil for feedback right on time for him to mark it. I will continue to work to better my attributes and become a competent student


161 words